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Honors Thesis Archive

Author Kaoru Hoshino
Title The Overnight Education Reform in Postwar Japan: Controversies Behind the Adoption of a New Educational Ladder System and Social Studies
Department East Asian Studies
Advisors Jennifer Oldstone-Moore and Jim Huffman
Year 2007
Honors University Honors
Full Text View Thesis (246 KB)
Abstract This paper examines the process through which the reform of the Japanese education system was carried out by the Occupation and the Japanese between 1945 and 1947. The paper focuses on two of the educational reforms: the implementation of a new educational ladder system, known as the 6-3-3-4 system, or the single-track system, and the adoption of a new social studies curriculum. Overall this paper will demonstrate two major points. First, there were struggles and controversies during and after the development of the new education system, such as the 6-3-3-4 system and a social studies curriculum, involving both the cultural and socio-economic issues. Second, educational reform was not merely an American process; there were interactions between the Americans and the Japanese, both of whom were willing to transform Japan into a new democratic nation in one way or the other.

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