Health, Fitness & Sport 250


Professor Hung-Sheng Hsu
Doug Lehman
Wittenberg University
Spring 2016

Finding Books

EZRA– Wittenberg’s library catalog

OhioLINK – Ohio academic libraries catalog

WorldCat – used for materials not found in the above catalogs

Subject Headings: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Selected Reference Books

The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets: A Guide to Health and Nutrition
Electronic Resource

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine
REFERENCE RC 41 .G35 1999

Nutrients A to Z: A User's Guide to Foods, Herbs, Vitamins, Minerals & Supplements
REFERENCE RA784 .S5189 2005

Nutrition and Well-Being A To Z
MAIN STACKS RA 784 .N838 2004

Salem Health Magill's Medical Guide
REFERENCE RC 41 .M34 2014

World of Health
REFERENCE R 130.5 .W67 2000

Primary sources versus secondary sources

What is the difference between a primary source and a secondary source? A primary source is typically one written or recorded by a participant in the event, while a secondary source is compiled by an author from primary or secondary sources.

Manuscripts and letters are primary sources as they were written by the person observing the event. Books may be comprised of primary sources such as copies of letters or documents relating to an event. Reports of events made by the participants would be primary sources, even though they may be printed in books.

Theses & Dissertations

In the course of your research you may encounter items described as "thesis" or "dissertation". These are the culmination of a masters or doctoral student's research. A thesis is written by a student completing a master's degree in a subject, while a dissertation is written by a student completing their doctoral studies. Many times a doctoral dissertation will ultimately be published (with certain revisions) as a book. A thesis or a dissertation is subject to a review of scholars in the field before it is accepted by the university providing the degree. These documents may prove to be good sources of information, as they often look at very specific issues or problems. Libraries (including Thomas Library) do not typically purchase copies of theses or dissertations, but they are may available through OhioLINK or Inter-Library Loan.

Proquest, a company in Ann Arbor, Michigan, provides microfilming and distribution of theses and dissertations. Their database, Digital Dissertations, may be searched to determine if a dissertation exists and if it is available. Some recent theses and dissertations are available online through this database.

Electronic Books

The library has access to a collection of electronic books which you may encounter as part of your research. They are identified with the words [electronic resource] in the title.


Thomas Library has a large collection of microforms, including microfilm and microfiche. Occasionally an article or book you need may be in a microform format. The Library has microfilm and microfiche reader/printers that you can use to print the article or relevant pages of a book. The cost is $.15 per page.

Finding journal articles

Online Indexes

Medline - Medline is an online index and database of articles published in medical journals. It covers subjects such as medicine, nursing, and exercise science. Full-text is available via the EBSCOhost interface. Coverage begins in 1966.

SPORTDiscus - SPORTDiscus is an online index and database to books, articles and other resources on all aspects of sport, physical fitness and sport science. Coverage begins in 1975.

Web Of Science - WoS is a online index for articles published in the sciences, social sciences and humanities. Coverage begins in 1950.

Journals The Library Has

Journals The Library Has is a powerful tool you can use to search for journals that Wittenberg has access to via a variety of sources. You will find it on the Thomas Library web page under the Find Information tab. Journals The Library Has is not an index to journal articles. Instead you search it to see if we have access to a particular journal or group of journals. For example, you can search for titles by Title Contains or by Title Begins With. If you know the title you are looking for searching by Title Begins With is a good way to search. If you are not sure of a title, or you want to see what titles we have access to you would use Title Contains. If you did a search by Title Contains with the word "nutrition" you would find over 130 titles that you have access to through the many resources subscribed to by Thomas Library.

Scholarly vs. Popular Articles

When conducting research it is critical to know the difference between scholarly and popular articles. Depending on the class and the research topic faculty may not accept popular articles as a basis for your research. Be sure to talk with your professor if you have any questions about the articles you wish to use. The Library has a web page which can provide assistance to you in making the distinction between scholarly and popular articles.

Inter-Library Loan (ILL)

As a student at Wittenberg you have access to a large number of resources, but sometimes the article you want is not available here or via full-text online or the book or video you want is not available here or in Ohiolink. When that happens you need to use our inter-library loan service. By using ILL you can request a copy of an article or a book or video from another library. Most journal articles may not be requested through Ohiolink so you will need to request them on the Thomas Library periodicals ILL form. Check with a Reference Librarian to see if the article you need is available through Ohiolink. Books and videos should be requested on the Thomas Library book ILL form. Items will be delivered at the Circulation desk where you can pick them up and use them. Remember, it can take a few weeks for ILL to be delivered so plan ahead.

Audio-Visual Resources

You may also find audio-visual resources which may be of use to you. These may be videotapes, DVDs, or audio recordings. These are housed in the Circulation Department of the Library and may have special rules about their usage.

Personal Research Consultation (PeRC)

These are one hour (more or less) appointments with a librarian to discuss your topic and how to proceed with your research. You may schedule them by e-mail, phone or in-person at the reference desk. Doug Lehman is the liaison librarian for the History Department.

Return to Thomas Library Web Page

Web page by Doug Lehman, Wittenberg University
phone: 327-7016
February 19, 2016